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Plant Biology · DBG

Review: past 200 year timeline and modelled future rate of expansion of Scotch broom

A timeline of Scotch broom’s global expansion highlights threats to ecological processes and the need for an enhanced monitoring program.

Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link, commonly referred to as Scotch broom, is a Mediterranean shrub capable of thriving in a variety of ecosystems that has invaded every habitable continent on Earth. The authors PW Hacker and NC Coops here present a timeline and estimated rate of expansion from 1816 to 2016. They also model its expected range over the next 70 years, and highlight the need for investigation into its expansion mechanisms and the establishment of monitoring programs.

Read whole paper open access in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2024) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13662

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: Water for agriculture - more crop per drop

The scarce resource water is vital for agriculture, serving multiple functions in biomass growth, and improving water use efficiency is crucial in crop production.

It is challenging to maintain high crop yields, even in arid and drought-prone regions that depend on irrigation. In this review authors Geilfus, Zörb, Jones, Wimmer & Schmöckel explain water use efficiency (WUE) and options to improve water use and thus crop yield. Nutrient management might represent another possibility to manipulate water uptake and use by plants. An emerging topic involves agroforest co-cultivation, where trees in the system facilitate water transfer through hydraulic lift, benefiting neighbouring crops. Other options to enhance crop yield per water use are also discussed.

Read paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology open access (2024) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13652

Plant Biology · DBG

New Method: lifetime mesophyll conductance

Mesophyll conductance integrated over the lifetime of the leaf is calculated from the isotopic composition of epicuticular wax harvested separately from the adaxial and abaxial sides of hypostomatous leaves and can be partitioned into gas and liquid phases.

Breeding of new plant varieties with lower mesophyll resistance for CO2 diffusion requires knowledge of its diffusion components. Authors Janová, Kubásek, Grams, Zeisler-Diehl, Schreiber & Šantrůćek therefore tested a new method to estimate relative drawdowns of CO2 concentration across hypostomatous leaves of Fagus sylvatica integrated over the lifetime of the leaf. The new method shows that intercellular components is minor but not negligible part of CO2 diffusion and reflects leaf anatomy traits, i.e. leaf mass per area and thickness.

Read paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology open access (2024) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13655

Plant Biology · DBG

CRISPR‐Cas9 and beyond - review summarizes target genes for developing disease‐resistant plants

Genome-editing technology is a promising strategy for protecting food security against yield losses of crops due to unpredictable climate change and plant diseases.

In their paper the authors Park et al. provide a brief overview of recent progress in genome-editing technologies, including zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated protein 9 (Cas9) technologies. They classify disease resistant mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana and several crop plants based on the roles or functions of the mutated genes in plant immunity and suggest potential target genes for molecular breeding of genome-edited disease-resistant plants. Genome editing technologies are resilient tools for sustainable development and promising solutions for coping with climate change and population increases.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2024) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13625

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers and reviews via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: the world’s largest mimicry system

Mimics of pollen, anthers, stamens, and androecia, their models and pollen eating bees and hoverflies constitute the world’s largest mimicry system.

In the open access paper "pollen, anther, stamen, and androecium mimicry" authors Lunau, De Camargo and Brito review the hypotheses, why the yellow UV-absorbing floral centre is so frequent in angiosperms. They review the pollen, anther, stamen, and androecium mimicry (PASAM) hypotheses, present new and published data on pollenating and pollen-collecting pollinators’ responses to PASAM structures and discuss how widespread these systems are around the globe. Their ultimate goal is to promote the idea that PASAM is a plausible first approach to understanding floral colour patterns in angiosperms.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2024) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13628

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: Mycorrhization in trees - ecology, physiology, and emerging technologies

Mycorrhization in trees impacts ecological and physiological dynamics of a forest ecosystem.

The paper summarizes the ecological and physiological significance of mycorrhization. As the authors Chaudhury et al. describe: Dual mycorrhization relationships in trees and even triple relationships among trees, mycorrhizal fungi and bacteria offer an interesting physiological system to understand how plants interact with other organisms for better survival. Besides, studies indicate additional roles of mycorrhization in learning, memorizing and communication between host trees through a common mycorrhizal network (CMN). Recent observations in trees suggest that mycorrhization may even promote tolerance to multiple abiotic (e.g., drought, salt, heavy metal stress) and biotic (e.g. fungi) stresses. Due to the extent of physiological reliance, local adaptation of trees is heavily impacted by the mycorrhizal community. This knowledge opens the possibility of a non-GMO avenue to promote tree growth and development. Indeed, mycorrhization could impact growth of trees in nurseries and subsequent survival of the inoculated trees in field conditions.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2024) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13613

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review on allelopathy and allelobiosis: efficient and economical alternatives in agroecosystems

The paper summarizes allelopathy and allelobiosis in inter-specific, intra-specific, plant-microorganism, and plant-insect context, and discusses the involved substances, their mechanisms, as well as environmental factors influencing allelopathic/signal molecule production and spread.

In their review authors Han et al. summarize and classify allelochemicals and chemical signals according to their function and structure in relation to environmental factors and generation and diffusion of such signals, since allelopathy and allelobiosis have never been systematically reviewed thus far. Moreover the authors provide recent research on the application of allelopathy and allelobiosis in agroecosystems in future studies.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2023) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13582 

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: Oxygen transport in plants under hypoxia/anoxia - diffusion and convection

In waterlogged environments, plant root aeration mainly relies on diffusion through aerenchyma, although some emergent and floating-leaved plants utilize pressurized flows to facilitate gas movement within their stems and rhizomes

In the article "An overview of oxygen transport in plants: diffusion and convection" author G. G. Striker summarizes how plants under hypoxia/anoxia ensure a steady oxygen supply to their cells and identifies three types of pressurized (convective) flows: humidity-induced pressurization (positive pressure), thermal osmosis (positive pressure with air flow against the heat gradient), and venturi-induced suction (negative pressure) caused by wind passing over broken culms.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2023) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13558.

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: Divergence of non-flying mammal-pollinated plants

The pollination system and evolutionary transition of Mucuna in Asia are unique, reflecting the divergence of the non-flying mammal-pollinated plants

In the article "Evolution of a non-flying mammal-dependent pollination system in Asian Mucuna (Fabaceae)" author S. Kobayashi summarizes the available knowledge of pollination in Asian Mucuna (Fabaceae), a genus mainly distributed in the tropics, and discusses the evolution of plants pollinated by non-flying mammals in Asia. Nineteen pollinator species have been recorded and pollination systems have been categorized into four types. An examination of the relationship between Mucuna species and their pollinators from the lineage perspective revealed that all species in Mucuna, subgenus Macrocarpa, which are distributed in Asia, are pollinated exclusively by non-flying mammals, f.e. from squirrel species.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2023) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13557.

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: Genetics underlying wheat grain protein content and grain protein deviation

Independent studies converge on genomic regions significantly associated with wheat grain protein content and grain protein deviation

In their review "Recent advances in the genetics underlying wheat grain protein content (GPC) and grain protein deviation (GPD) in hexaploid wheat", the authors Paina and Gregersen summarize the scientific findings about the genetics underlying wheat GPC and GPD, representing the relationship between grain protein content and yield), together with the performance of genomic prediction models characterizing these traits. A total of 364 significant loci related to GPC and GPD are positioned on the hexaploid wheat genome, one of the most important global crops which therefore is of major interest in breeding programs.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2023) DOI: 10.1111/plb.13550 (Open Access)

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: How gibberellin molecular metabolism orchestrates plant development

Gibberellin pathways have emerged as multi-signals integrators for plant development through complex feedback regulations and cross-talks

In their article "Molecular gibberellin (GA) pathways as conserved integrators for adaptive responses" Bouré and Arnaud summarize the elements of GA metabolism and signalling pathways, with emphasis on the key role of the GA/GID1/DELLA complex as a conserved developmental integrator. They also discuss how the GA signalling pathway - together with feedback regulation on GA metabolism -  contributes to the integration of endogenous and exogenous signals to provide an adaptive output.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2023). DOI: 10.1111/plb.13549.

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: Vulnerability, resilience, and adaptive capacity of Mediterranean forests under climate change

Factors that affect vulnerability and mechanisms that influence resilience of forests.

The autors Touhami et al. review the current state of knowledge on the effects of climate change on sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forest ecosystems in Tunisia. They found alarming results concerning the tree cover lost to fires, as well as shifted phenological parameters like start and end of the green season. And they call upon scientists, policymakers, and managers to adapt Mediterranean forests to climate change.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2023). DOI: 10.1111/plb.13524

(DBG's members are able to access Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: How proline functions under high temperatures and how genetic engineering may help to develop temperature-smart crops

Proline aids in various activities associated with plant growth and development under extreme temperatures, and genetic engineering of proline biosynthesis genes may aid in the design of temperature-smart future crops.

In their review "assessment of proline function in higher plants under extreme temperatures" authors Raza, Charagh, Abbas et al conclude that exogenous application of proline and genetic engineering of proline genes promise ways to develop temperature-smart future crop plants to combat impending climate change crisis.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2023). DOI: 10.1111/plb.13510

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: How metabolism of plant lipids and plant responses to abiotic stressors interact

The review summarizes the interactions between plant lipids and abiotic stressors.

In their review "Functions and interaction of plant lipid signalling under abiotic stresses" the authors Liang, Huang, Liu, Chen and Li describe the metabolism of plant lipids and discuss their involvement in plant responses to abiotic stress. Thereby they also provide necessary background for further research on the interactions between plant lipids and abiotic stress. Several summary diagrams as well as a comprehensive model of interactions between plant lipids and abiotic stresses is summarized in a graph.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology 2023, DOI: 10.1111/plb.13507

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: Rice anther tapetum - a vital reproductive cell layer for sporopollenin biosynthesis and pollen exine patterning

Summary of the regulation of tapetum and pollen formation, focused on the role of AT-Hook DNA binding proteins in tapetal and exine patterning

Findings on rice tapetum development, including genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic studies are reviewed by the authors Tariq, Yaseen, Xu, Rehman, Bibi and Uzair. They also describe tapetal programmed cell death (PCD), sporopollenin biosynthesis, ROS activity for tapetum
function and its role in male reproductive development. They summarize the role of the tapetum in male fertility using rice as a model system, and provide information that can be applied in rice hybridization and that of other major crops.

Read whole paper open access in our scientific journal Plant Biology (2022). DOI: 10.1111/plb.13485

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: Plant water uptake modelling - added value of cross-disciplinary approaches

Factors influencing water uptake and complementary interdisciplinary hybrid models of plant water uptake

The authors Dubbert, Couvreur, Kübert, and Werner summarize how interdisciplinary hybrid plant water uptake models add the value of a broader conceptual view of soil-plant feedbacks of water, nutrient and carbon cycling. The main goal is to highlight how the four dominant model approaches can be and have been used to create interdisciplinary hybrid models enabling a holistic system understanding that also embeds plant water uptake plasticity into a broader conceptual view of soil–plant feedbacks of water, nutrient and carbon cycling, or reflects observed drought responses of plant–soil feedbacks and their dynamics under, that is, drought.

Read whole paper open access in our scientific journal Plant Biology 25 (2021) 32–42. DOI: 10.1111/plb.13478.

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Review: Grass species with smoke-released seed dormancy: A response to climate and fire regime but not photosynthetic pathway

Among worldwide grass species, four types of smoke-assisted seed dormancy release can be recognized, based on % with C4 photosynthesis, vegetation type, rainfall seasonality, and type and frequency of fire

In the review author Lamont summarizes the worldwide literature for reports on germination responses among grasses, whose photosynthetic pathway was known, to treatment by smoke and obtained information for 217 species and 126 genera. Thus, even though C3 and C4 grasses are equally capable of expressing smoke sensitivity, their response depends on the region’s climate and fire regime that also dictate which photosynthetic pathway dominates.

Read whole paper in our scientific journal Plant Biology DOI: 10.1111/plb.13479

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology · DBG

Viewpoint: Is a spice missing from the recipe? The intra-cellular localization of vanillin biosynthesis needs further investigations

The biosynthesis of the flavor compound Vanillin is still controversial; specifically the role of the last enzyme of the pathway, vanillin synthase

Authors Diamond, Barnabé and Desgagné-Penix raise questions on the interpretation of data obtained from the technique used and on the true localization of the biosynthetic enzymes in V. planifolia. They discuss the findings surrounding the cellular-localization and activity of enzymes of vanillin biosynthesis. This will help to further understand the pathway and urge for additional research study to resolve the current debate in the biosynthesis of the most popular flavor compound in the world.

Read whole viewpoint in our scientific journal Plant Biology DOI: 10.1111/plb.13465

(DBG's members are able to access all Plant Biology papers via our intranet).

Plant Biology

Our new Viewpoint Editor

Professor Rob Roelfsema (Würzburg) now is the Viewpoint Editor at our journal Plant Biology. He is looking forward to your viewpoints, short papers of approximately three published pages, with one or two figures with the following topics:

  • New insights in a hot topic in plant biology
  • Critical examination of known methods and approaches
  • New emerging techniques
  • Novel conceptual ideas or approaches in developing fields

Feel free to contact him at Würzburg University, if you have any questions. Please note that scientists in Germany and several other European countries can publish open access in Plant Biology without costs (https://deal-operations.de/en/here-is-the-deal) and please contact your library if these conditions apply to your Institution.

Actualia

Zeitschrift Plant Biology: neue Redaktionsleitung, Reviews und Open Access

Prof. Dr. Christiane Werner ist Editor-in-chief unserer Zeitschrift. Foto: privat

Seit Jahresbeginn ist Prof. Dr. Christiane Werner vom Lehrstuhl Ökosystem-Physiologie an der Universität Freiburg, neue editor-in-chief unserer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift Plant Biology. Werner war mehrere Jahre Co-Editorin und hat in dieser Zeit gemeinsam mit ihrem Vorgänger, Prof. Dr. Heinz Rennenberg, mehrere Formate und Ideen entwickelt, um die Zeitschrift weiter zu entwickeln: Die neuen kurzen Forschungs-Reviews eignen sich beispielsweise für PostDocs und andere Nachwuchskräfte, die ihr eigenes Thema bekannt machen und ihre Sichtbarkeit in der Wissenschaft erhöhen möchten. Ansprechpartner dafür ist Review-Editorin Dr. Susann Wicke (HU Berlin). Werner freut sich, dass sie Dank Rennenbergs herausragenden Arbeit ein gut etabliertes Journal weiterführen kann, dessen Impact Factor Rennenberg in den 17 Jahren seiner Redaktionsleitung nahezu verdoppelte. Die Plant Biology erhält jedes Jahr rund 800 Artikel-Einreichungen. Gemeinsam mit ihrem vielköpfigen Redaktionsausschuss möchte die neue Leiterin weitere Maßnahmen umsetzen, um die Sichtbarkeit des Journals zu erhöhen, wie etwa mehr Special Issues herauszugeben oder Hinweise in Twitter und anderen Sozialen Medien zu platzieren. Werner ist gespannt auf Artikel Forschungsergebnisse sowie Meinungsbeiträge aus der Pflanzenforschung, die Dank des sog. DEAL-VertragsOpen Access publiziert werden können, sofern der/die Erst-Autor*in von einer deutschen Wissenschaftseinrichtung stammt. Unterstützt wird Werner im Freiburger Redaktionsbüro von Annette Schlierenkamp.

Zur Zeitschrift Plant Biology

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DBG

Über unsere Fachzeitschrift

Plant Biology ist ein internationales Fachjournal mit breitem Themenspektrum aus allen botanischen Disziplinen, wie Physiologie, Molekular-, Zell- und Entwicklungsbiologie, Genetik, Ökologie, Evolution, Ökophysiologie, Pflanzen-Mikroben-Interaktionen und Mykologie. Die DBG veröffentlicht Plant Biology gemeinsam mit der Königlichen Botanischen Gesellschaft der Niederlande. Herausgeber der Plant Biology sind Prof. Dr. Christiane Werner (Freiburg) und Prof. Dr. J. Theo M. Elzenga (Groningen).

Papers, Reviews, Themen und Thesen

In Plant Biology publizieren Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler Forschungsergebnisse im Original oder verfassen Reviews. In der Rubrik "Acute Views" diskutieren sie aktuelle Themen und Thesen und können provokante Ansichten darstellen. Zuvor begutachten unabhängige Experten in einem zügigen Review-Prozess die eingereichten Artikel. 

Kostenfrei Open Access publizieren

Mitglieder von deutschen akademischen institutionen können ihre Artikel über pflanzenwissenschaftliche Themen kostenfrei Open Access in unserer Zeitschrift Plant Biology publizieren (die Article Processing Charge, APC entfällt dann, wegen des DEAL-Agreements). Seit 15. Februar 2023 stellt die neue Website des DEAL-Konsortiums deutschen Einrichtungen, wissenschaftlichen Autor*innen und der interessierten Öffentlichkeit alle Informationen rund um DEAL unter https://deal-konsortium.de/ zur Verfügung und unterstützt sie dabei, die umfangreichen Leistungen der Verträge bestmöglich zu nutzen.

Impact Factor

Plant Biology’s Impact Factor has now reached 3.87, which is a strong increase on 2020 (3.08 in 2020, Source: Journal Citation Reports, Clarivate Analytics). Plant Biology is now ranked 58/239 in the Plant Science Category, which is the top quartile.

Historisches und neuer Verlag

Plant Biology ist die Nachfolgerin der von 1882 bis 1987 von der DBG herausgegebenen "Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft" und der von 1988 bis 1998 erschienenen "Botanica Acta".

In den Jahren 1999-2007 erschien das Fachjournal beim Thieme-Verlag. Seit Januar 2008 erscheint das Fachjournal der Gesellschaft nun alle zwei Monate bei Wiley-Blackwell.

Zugang

Mitglieder der DBG können über das Intranet auf alle Artikel des Fachjournals zugreifen.

Die einzelnen Ausgaben stehen hinter einer Bezahl-Schranke auch auf der Verlags-Website zur Verfügung.

Privacy Policy of the journal Plant Biology (GDPR)

> Privacy Policy of the journal Plant Biology (GDPR)