The meeting took place in the Rosensäle in Jena, a historical place where famous guests like Franz Liszt or Clara Wiek gave academic concerts in the early 19th century. All places for excursions were readily reachable within walking distance from the Rosensäle. Guided tours were offered to the Botanical Garden, to Schiller’s Garden house, to the Ernst Haeckel house or to the Phyletic Museum.
Honorary talk on Optogenetics
sen. Prof. Dr. Peter Hegemann (HU Berlin) gave the 2023 honorary lecture on a topic about algae that reaches far beyond phycology, entitled Algal photoreceptors as drivers of Optogenetics. The new field of Optogenetics expanded rapidly based on a better understanding of the photoreceptor Channelrhodopsin 1 from the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii that is located in the plasma-membrane of its eyespot. This photoreceptor was biophysically characterized by Peter Hegemann and colleagues. The knowledge was soon transferred to animal systems and recently also to humans. Based on these insights, a blind person has been given back partial vision recently.
Broad Scientific Program
The further talks of the meeting, all held in English, dealt with different contemporary areas of phycology. About half of the talks were given by PhD students, corroborating one of the major aims of the Phycology Section, which is promoting motivated early career scientists. The topics included:
The interactions of micro- and macroalgae with microorganisms such as bacteria were part of several talks. Natural products that are involved in chemical communication and influence the algae in a positive and negative way, respectively, were introduced. Also, novel types cyanobacteria from lichens were introduced.
Perception of Abiotic Factors
This session focused on the positive and toxic effects of light on microalgae. Moreover, the characterization of novel photoreceptors and carotenoids was shown. Strategies and proteins that protect from light stress and unusual wavelengths for photosynthesis were presented as well. Finally, adaptations of algae to life on land connected with sexual reproductions were shown.
Timely ecological themes such as climate change and its influence on algae were in the focus of this session as well as wastewater treatment, the diversity of diatoms and their molecular analysis in Arctic and Antarctic Regions and the diversity of Chrysophyceae.
Applied Phycology and Physiology
Numerous exciting themes were introduced like the biosynthesis of apocarotenoids and stress responses of Charophyta, physiological changes of zygospore formation in Chlamydomonas, polyphosphates in a freshwater diatom, the development of a model alga for Coccolitophores and first approaches to automated ‘machine learning’ for the identification of microalgal species in phytoplankton.
Algal Tool Box
Interesting approaches like the characterization of enhancer elements or progress in nuclear genome editing of microalgae were presented as well as novel proteome methods for studying cyanobacterial exoproteins or news on the gliding movement of diatoms were discussed.
Altogether, the program spanned the fascinating diversity of phycological themes, promoting numerous vivid discussions and ideas among the participants. The final afternoon of the meeting was reserved to get inspired by historical places in Jena that were influenced by Goethe, Schiller and Haeckel (see excursions above).
School price awarded for the second time
The meeting started with the promotion of the very young people. For the second time, the price for the best school project as recognized by the Section Phycology was awarded to Hanna Reichinger, a graduate of the “Gymnasium (BORG) Straßwalchen” in Austria. She cultivated Haematococcus to produce astaxanthin for biotechnological use. She fascinated the audience by describing the influence of nitrogen and phosphate compounds on astaxanthin production.
The very interesting projects of the top three high school students under the topic „Shaping the Future with Algae“ were as follows:
1. Place: H. Reichinger „Kultivierung von Haematococcus zur Gewinnung von Astaxanthin für den biotechnologischen Nutzen“ (Gymnasium BORG Straßwalchen)
2. Place: M. Löhr, T. Koch und R. Spohrleder „Green Filters: Wie Algen zur Säuberung von Wasser beitragen können“ (Otto-Hahn-Gymnasium Göttingen)
3. Place: L. Hafermann und H. Hoang „Algae vs. Metals: die Detoxwirkung der Chlorella vulgaris“ (Andreas-Gymnasium Berlin)
Awarded scientific talks and posters
Within the frame of the meeting, the following prices were awarded to early career scientists:
The Pringsheim Price recognizes the best presentation of a PhD thesis and was awarded to Charlotte Permann, Innsbruck, for her outstanding talk on the topic: Sexual reproduction in Zygnematophyceae – a key to terrestrialization?
The Student Promotion Award for the best Bachelor-/Master Thesis was given to Nina Rittmeier, Innsbruck, for her topic „Control of cell division and chromosome countings in three strains of the filamentous green alga Zygnema (Zygnematophyceae, Charophyta)“.
Moreover, the best posters prepared by PhD students were awarded:
1. Place: Trang Vuong, Jena, for her poster on: Life of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in a 3-D structured environment.
2. Place: Cynthia Medwed, Rostock, for her poster on: Not dead yet: historical Cyanobacteria in sediment cores survived over decades and can be revived.
Honorary ceremony with the van Stosch Medal
The Hans-Adolph von Stosch Medal is awarded to an outstanding phycologist, who promoted phycology and its standing in an extraordinary way. Several members of the Section Phycology suggested sen. Prof. Dr. Christian Wilhelm. This was confirmed unanimously as voted by a Phycology Jury.
The laudation was held by Prof. Dr. Claudia Büchel. In an impressive way, she presented the broadness of the contributions of Christian Wilhelm to phycological research and pointed out his engagement in inspiring students and coworkers for algal research.
In his talk, Christian Wilhelm critically questioned central dogmas of photosynthesis regarding the entire cell, the plastids, CO2 fixation and the consequences for algal growth. To close his memorable talk, he fascinated the audience not only with his scientific expertise and critical questions on algal research but also with a poem on the evolution of photosynthetic microorganisms:
Lange bevor Licht das Landleben nährte
Verkroch es sich dicht unter Wasser
Darüber lag Strahlentod
Lange bevor ächzende Äste
Sich dem Wind entgegen stellten
Verknäulte sich haarkleines Fadenwerk im gurrenden
Wäre da nicht aus kleinsten Körpern ausgeströmt
Was anfangs beißend und scharf schmeckte
Nie hätte ein Wesen atmen oder bluten können.
Wie jeder Forstschritt seinen Anfang nimmt im Versuch
So sind Schmerz und Glück Geschwister.
Prof. Dr. Christian Wilhelm
Election of the Phycology Board
Three members of the Board, who have contributed for many years, decided not to stand again for election and made also place for younger phycologists. These are the graduate speaker Dr. Karin Glaser, the secretary Prof. Dr. Andreas Holzinger und the chair Prof. Dr. Maria Mittag. In the General Assembly Meeting, held March 13, 2023, the following members standing for election were voted for:
Prof. Dr. Claudia Büchel (chair), Dr. Thomas Leya (deputy chair), Jun.-Prof. Klaus Herburger, PhD (secretary), Dr. Maike Lorenz (treasurer), Prof. Dr. Severin Sasso (assessor), Charlotte Permann (graduate assessor) and Prof. Dr. Peter Kroth (representative of the Federation of European Phycological Societies, FEPS).
The next meeting of the Section Phycology will take place in Göttingen in spring 2025.
In March 2023
Prof. Dr. Maria Mittag, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Matthias-Schleiden-Institut